Caldas da Rainha
Rainha Dona Leonor Square
From Queen Leonor’s’ will and a great sense of opportunity, whose legend met the waters of Caldas da Rainha by chance when she saw a group of people bathing, the first Thermal Hospital in the world was born.
In the late fifteenth century. Queen Leonor praiseworthy, immediately realized the waters’ healing benefits(of which it is said that herself enjoyed) and created a welfare hospital. Thinking especially in those who most needed it and based only on thermal treatments.
Hence its uniqueness, we can not forget that all of this happened in the late fifteenth century, has now gone more than 500 years!
Located in Queen Leonor Square, known by the locals simply by “Largo Termal”, the Thermal Hospital was completely renovated in the eighteenth century when king D. João V passed through Caldas da Rainha to use the waters.
Engineer Manuel Maia, was responsible for the works, he would, later on, be one of the Lisbon reconstruction workers after the 1755 earthquake.
Later, in the 90s of the nineteenth century, the building underwent further restructured during the administration of Rodrigo Berquó, and which stands out to the third-floor addition.
The Thermal Hospital is one of the most important city attractions and a great starting point for your visit. From here, you can easily reach all the historical center, full of other attractions as well as the traditional trade market of Caldas da Rainha. The city also is known for being an outdoor shopping center.